Harmony 1: from various teachers – 30-hour module – CFA 4

Form: 30 hours
CFA: 4
Teachers: Pierpaolo Principality, Claudio Ricci, Antonio Solimene, Andrea Avena, and Vincenzo Presta
Frequency: Weekly
Entry Requirements: Entrance Exam
Class size: 15 students
Places available: 6
Limitations: Open to students in the academic courses of sound engineering and electronic music. Also open to students as a personalized course for an additional fee (for information on costs, contact the Educational Secretariat).


  1. The Temperate System: – Sound distribution in the octave – Semitone and tone intervals – Natural sounds and alteration symbols – Enharmonic and homophonic sounds – The chromatic scale and the choice of the alteration symbols in the chromatic passages ascendants and descendants – The Anglo-Saxon nomenclature
  2. The Major Scale: – Interval and tetrachord structure – Degrees and relative names – Hues and modes from a conceptual and acoustic point of view – Construction of the scale in all shades with the interval system – The own intervals of the major scale (perfect or fair and larger)
  3. The Natural Minor Scale: – Interval construction and comparison with the major scale – The natural intervals of the minor natural scale – Relation to the major scale (relative scales) – Degrees and relative names
  4. Intervals: – all intervals (diatonic and chromatic) – range intervals – qualitative categories
  5. The “Circle of fifths” and the key reinforcements
  6. The harmonic minor scale
  7. Consonance or tension ratios between the degrees of the scales (major and minor nats) and the Tonic; natural resolving tendencies of the degrees in tension. – The “harmonics” – the major triad
  8. Triads: minor; increased; diminished
  9. Other chords of 3 sounds (sus4, sus2, major b5)
  10. The triad revolts
  11. The “lata” arrangement of the triads and revolts – The “harmonic bond” technique for the concatenation of the chords – Symmetrical progressions for 3a, 4a and 5a jumps with narrow and late triads, in fundamental and facing position
  12. Construction of the triads on the degrees of the major scale
  13. The main “harmonic functions”: Tonic, Subdominant and Dominant – The main (common) harmonic sequences: I IV VI; II VI; Harmonic turn (Turn Around) in the 2 formulas I VI II V and II VI VI
  14. Construction of the triads on the degrees of the minor natural and harmonic scales – Comparison between the chords of the 2 scales – Basic harmonic characteristics of the minor key
  15. The minor scale melody
  16. The dominant seventh chord: construction, characteristics and tonal prerogatives
  17. Pentatonic scales (major and minor); Blues scale; Esatonale scale
  18. The harmonic major scale (notes on the modal loan); the Neapolitan minor scale

Possible additional arguments, at the discretion and necessity of the teacher – The traditional “Blues”: basic harmonic structure; structure of the melodic and textual sentence; verses – The “Ways” of the major scale: construction techniques and characteristic notes – Other seventh agreements and their connection NB: this last argument can be extended to revolts, to the most late positions and to their connection (in Popular Music style), at the discretion of the Teacher and based on the time available.

Harmony in the Pop repertoire

General reflections on the harmony in contemporary styles (popular, rock, jazz) with particular reference to the song form (accompanied melody) – The seventh chords relating to the major key-Construction of the seventh chords on the major scale degrees-The 7 suspended 4 single modern chord with possible reference to the species of classical codification – Revolt of the seventh chords of a Turn Around with seventh chords Directions on the non-rigorous motion of parts 4-part writing on major tonal harmonic sequences – Harmonic analysis in major keys ) – Construction of the seventh chords on the degrees of the harmonic minor scale Chords: min/maj 7; maj 7 (#5),


  • Avena, “Theory & Harmony” 1st / 2nd part Keith Wyatt & Carl Schroder, “Harmony & Theory”

Written Exam